The current reporting season is like none other before it. The COVID-19 pandemic has provided many companies with complex problems to solve, created unparalleled levels of uncertainty in financial markets and made forecasting or interpreting financial results challenging to say the least. Questions that remain around expected timeframes for a return to normality, the level of government support going forward, whether there will be a fiscal cliff and the possibility of further waves of infection are among a myriad of pressing concerns.
We find it useful at times of extreme uncertainty to acknowledge what we do not know. We can be vigilant in monitoring significant developments and understanding their likely impact on the companies we are invested in, but we are conscious that we do not know:
- How COVID-19 will play out over the coming days, week and months;
- What letter of the alphabet the economic recovery will look like;
- What new crises will emerge on a go-forward basis; or
- How the sharemarket or particular stocks will perform over any short term period.
So the question is how to invest in an environment of such uncertainty, where the range of short term outcomes is wide and will depend on events which are entirely unpredictable. Our response is to acknowledge these uncertainties and to then focus on what we do know.
Australia is a great place to invest
Over the last 100 years the Australian sharemarket has delivered a double-digit annualised return, one of the best performances of any developed economy. We think it is extremely likely that Australia will continue to be a great place to invest on a forward-looking basis. This is a function of a multitude of factors. Australia has a growing population and a healthy demographic profile. As a stable capitalist based democracy, there is the rule of law, separation of powers, private property ownership, comprehensive and compulsory education and a system of taxation that encourages innovation but also protects the weakest members of society. Australia is resource-rich and geographically proximate to some of the fastest-growing economies in the world. There is an independent central bank and a Federal Government which is in a strong relative fiscal position. We are confident that all of these elements will combine to continue to see Australia outperform most of its developed world peers for decades to come.
Source: MarketIndex.com.au, Iress, Auscap
Australia will continue to grow
There will be more Australians in ten years time than today. Australia’s state capitals are consistently rated as some of the world’s most liveable cities. National population growth has been strong, averaging an annual growth rate of 1.4% over the past three decades. Treasury forecasts that in 2021 population growth will remain positive at 0.6% despite the closure of international borders. If this crisis has demonstrated anything, it is that there is nowhere you would rather be living. Migration demand will most likely accelerate once international travel restrictions are eased. A rising population will drive long term growth in the consumption of goods and services. That means there will be more couches and computers sold in ten years time than today, there will be more housing credit, there will be more insurance purchased, there will be more demand for space in our cities and suburbs, there will be plenty of housing construction and roads built, and there will be significant innovation.
Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics, Auscap
Uncertainty creates opportunity
Abundant caution generally results in attractive investment opportunities. At the moment caution is significant. Cash holdings are significant. The All Ordinaries Index is 11% below its 2007 high made 13 years ago, despite GDP being more than 65% higher than what it was then, including the effect of the current recession. And broad stockmarket indicators suggest value is on offer.
The Shiller Cyclically Adjusted Price to Earnings Ratio is well below average.
Source: Bloomberg, Auscap
The implied risk premium you get from investing in equities remains elevated and above the long term average.
Source: Bloomberg, Auscap
And Australia’s market capitalisation to GDP ratio is below the 20 year average, despite the negative impact of COVID-19 on GDP in the most recent quarter.
Source: Bloomberg, Auscap
These indicators suggest that there is value on offer within the market if one were to take a medium-term horizon. Given we have little if any advantage in forecasting near term outcomes, taking a medium-term view seems to be the most sensible path forward, acknowledging that the road back to normality will be bumpy, and there may be some permanent changes in behaviour. Albeit any behavioural changes are already appearing to be less significant than many thought only a few months back, with the converse true in a few instances.
In a crisis the best
companies tend to demonstrate their superior qualities. In recent weeks, many
of our portfolio companies such as Eagers Automotive, JB Hi-Fi, Mineral
Resources, Nick Scali and Super Retail Group have updated the market with
positive trading updates. Understanding what we do and do not know helps us
focus on what we see as a key advantage, taking a medium-term time horizon to
invest in some of the best companies in the market which should benefit from
positive long term economic prospects. We are confident that the companies in
which we are invested are well-positioned to recover and grow over the medium
This article reads almost delusional to me. There is this belief that things will just continue as BAU (business as usual), that everything is rosy. No, Australia is in deep environmental trouble, we need urgent reform on all fronts of society and the economy, and we need to put an end to population growth and economic growth as we know it. A very one-sided article.
I agree with you Margit We have relied on population growth in Australia to continually give the "allusion" we are doing well Businesses usually push for more migrants and for zero increases in wages and to the super % levy
I do not understand how we can have population growth in the current environment. We have a birth rate of c.1.8 babies per female and declining. The rate required for stable population is 2.1. With immigration at near zero and life expectancy not increasing, we must have a declining population no? Population growth to underpin economic growth is lazy. Political realities will dictate when borders can reopen for immigration - unemployment above 7-8% will now allow the flood gates to open back up. I am surprised population growth is the bedrock of your investment thesis. Here is a good summary of the numbers: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/demographics-size-composit...
I also agree with other comments. seems a lot of businesses are relying on population growth for their growth, so what happens when we have one person for every square metre of the earth's surface. Companies should be looking at how to grow without just relying on more people to buy their disposable goods. Maybe its time we start looking at companies making high quality products and showing more concern about the world we live in.
Are you serious? Compared to the US indices the ASX is more or less on life support. Comparing what happened even 20 years ago is meaningless when making forecasts for today. You contradict yourself by saying over 120 years the ASX has done well but over the last 13 years is 11% lower than the peak in 2007. Why has it done so poorly in the last 13 years which also includes the tail end of the mining boom? Australia has a relatively high CGT rate that is higher on average than domestic property (no CGT for owner-occupied homes), and is not protected for inflation with losses that are carried forward, no serious growth or tech companies and no serious global companies, heavy reliance on old conservative industries such as banking and mining. As a more relevant comparison, as of today, and over five years, the NASDAQ is up around 135%, the Dow up 71% and the All Ords up 19%. This is despite the coronavirus having much more impact in the US. Banks stock dropped out of the top 10 by market cap in the US around 10 years back. My forecast is that any or a combination of AMZN, AAPL, MSFT, GOOGL or FB will easily outperform the ASX over the next 10 years.
Much better to buy ETFs for leading US stocks, such as NDQ, or just the US market in general (IVV).