Chart of the day: Oil over-supply in 2020

Scott Haslem

LGT Crestone

“That which cannot go on forever, won’t” - Herbert Stein, American economist, 1916-1999

Volatility in equity markets has eased modestly over the past week or so as US markets have risen four out of the past five days. The gain has been around 17% (compared with the S&P/ASX 200 index, which is up about 14% before today). Of course, both markets remain more than 20% off their highs (the iniquity of rising from a level more than 30% off its peak). Is it possible the extent of global stimulus is providing a more positive backdrop? In Australia, the Morrison-led government’s AUD 130 billion wage subsidy deal, its third stimulus, drove the equity market up 7% yesterday. Or maybe the selective examination of COVID-19 country trends holds some positive vibes? It certainly hasn’t been better-than-expected data driving the recent moves, with most leading indicators foretelling of imminent recession and rising unemployment globally.

Another one of our signals that isn’t yet gesturing a trough in markets is the oil price, with oil futures dropping 6.6% to $20.09 a barrel on Monday, a level last seen in February 2002. The key driver was concern that quarantine measures are knee-capping global demand. As we well remember, this really began back in early March when Russia and Saudi Arabia couldn’t agree on limiting production and, rather than agreeing to disagree, decided to try and cripple each other (and the US shale industry) by boosting production instead.

Of course, as we highlighted several weeks ago, oil at $20 a barrel appears unlikely to be a general equilibrium solution. While Saudi Arabia is believed to be able to pump oil at $10 a barrel, Russia’s cost of production is between mid-$20s to low $40s. And Russia’s fiscal break-even is $40 to $50, while Saudi Arabia’s is estimated to be over $80 by the International Monetary Fund. This, of course, begs for a new agreement by these protagonists to limit production/supply. The only problem is demand is also falling sharply at the same time.

This brings us to today’s chart by UBS showing a forecast sharp rise in inventories through mid-2020 into mid-2021. According to UBS, a decline in oil demand in 2020 and the market share war is “driving an estimated over-supply of almost unprecedented levels in mid-2020”. A downturn in US shale activity, with capex cuts of 20% to 30% announced, likely helps supports oil demand in H2 2020. UBS continues to expect long-term oil prices to remain tethered to the $60 to $80 per barrel range—but now sees the lower end of this range being sustained until at least the end of 2025.

Crude inventories (mm barrels)

Source: IEA, UBSe

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Scott Haslem
Chief Investment Officer
LGT Crestone

Scott has more than 20 years’ experience in global financial markets and investment banking, providing extensive economics research and investment strategy across equity and fixed income markets.

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