In the AFR today I write that everyone loves a contrarian position, and I enjoy betting against conventional wisdom (read the full column by clicking on that link, or AFR subs can click here). And it is hard to find a more emphatic and universally held belief than the current consensus view that Aussie house prices will slump sharply by anywhere between 10 per cent (CBA), 20 per cent (AMP), or 30 per cent (numerous others). This is, after all, the Great Virus Crisis (GVC): a 1-in-100 year shock that the Reserve Bank of Australia judges will drive double-digit unemployment. Excerpt enclosed:
So I will repeat what I have publicly and privately advised the many folks who have enquired about my forecast for the $7 trillion plus residential real estate market: home values are unlikely to fall materially and, in my central case, will either move sideways, or at most fall by up to 5 per cent, over the next three to six months, following which the robust cyclical boom will resume.
After calling strong house price growth and the ensuing bubble between 2013 and 2017, predicting a 10 per cent correction in early 2017 when prices were climbing, and then forecasting a 10 per cent recovery in April 2019, I remain confident that this cycle will deliver total capital gains of between 20 per cent and 30 per cent.
Yes, I know some hate the fact that I have the temerity to highlight these victories over, variously, the perma-housing bulls and bears, depending on what point of the cycle we are in. Yet I have learnt the hard way that unless I carefully restate these views, critics will distort and cherry-pick them for their own purposes.
So, for the avoidance of doubt, let me reiterate that if Australia was about to experience a multi-year downturn precipitated by China imploding or high inflation and rising interest rates, I would expect a 20 per cent to 40 per cent drawdown in the value of our bricks-and-mortar powered by the mother-of-all deleveraging processes.
But that is not where we stand today. In February this column warned that unless central banks quickly cauterised the GVC with unconditional quantitative easing and liquidity support, we would experience savage market failures. In particular, an international liquidity crisis that rapidly became a huge public and private solvency problem. While the central banks surprisingly dithered for weeks, and the price action sadly played out as predicted, we eventually got all of the monetary and fiscal policy stimulus markets needed.
The next big intellectual question was the likely course of the virus. Whereas some epidemiologists advised politicians that the peak in new infections would not be for months, and most Australians would get infected, our empirical forecasting models projected peaks in Australia, the US and Europe in early April. It turned out that new infections in Australia peaked on March 28 and they started rolling over in the US on April 11. Most of Europe had reached its zenith by the middle of the month.
These insights guided our view that Australia would pivot away from the proposed "six month business hibernation" plan, which would have been positively catastrophic, towards an early exit from containment after a one to two month lockdown.
The Prime Minister Scott Morrison appears to have pragmatically embraced this logic after his stunning success in flattening our infection curve with the commencement of “Operation Kickstart” slated for some time in May.
This is important for the housing market’s trajectory too. A one to two month lockdown followed by an assertive effort to get workers back into their jobs will minimise the quantum of mortgage arrears and losses.
In this crisis unemployment has also risen most noticeably amongst the casualised, non-home owning labour force. Combined with the fact that the banks have been given the greenlight to offer six month repayment holidays without having to hold more capital against these loans or report them as arrears, we are unlikely to see large swathes of forced sellers.
Because almost all borrowers are on variable-rate loans or short-term, fixed-rate products, Australia’s housing market is one of the most interest rate elastic in the world. The prospect of multiple RBA rate cuts is what motivated our call for a 10 per cent increase in prices in April last year.
Monetary policy easing since June 2019 has reduced new fixed and variable mortgage rates by between 75 and 150 basis points, which according to the RBA's internal house price modelling should push values up by between 20 per cent and 30 per cent. Since prices troughed nationally in July 2019, they have jumped by about 11 per cent.
If there is one asset-class that has performed exceptionally well during the GVC, it is local bricks and mortar. According to the world’s most advanced daily house price index, produced by CoreLogic, Sydney and Brisbane prices continued climbing through March and April. In Sydney we are just starting to see some evidence of flat-lining. Melbourne prices have moved sideways since mid March, but show no signs of any striking deterioration.
While auction clearance rates have plummeted, that is because of the lockdown. In the absence of serious housing stress, vendors are choosing to pull listings and exercise the option to wait. I expect that once we come out of containment in May, the current housing boom will reassert itself, shocking universally negative forecasters.
Of course, it is possible I will be wrong. We have not encountered a GVC since the Spanish flu in 1918. There could be second waves. We might not find a vaccine. Tensions between China and the US could escalate into a military conflict. But that is not my central case.
I’d be interested to understand your thoughts on property short term rental market (eg. Airbnb) in the medium to longer term, say 12months. My thoughts were around the international travel restriction bubble that may exist if we limit Covid-19 infections in Australia, the reduced number of rental properties available after many have moved into longer term rentals and more propensity for people to travel locally in around 6-12months. It may be a good time to consider a property purchase in ideal holiday locations for AirBnB as it is likely these could be acquired at good prices. 2nd properties, such as holiday homes are likely to be impacted severely as those that are impacted seek to offload/liquidate as quickly as possible, so I see bargains abound in the next 3 to 6 months or so.
Chris, thanks for your insights. The way real estate market operates is essentially opaque. Sorry it shouldn't be called a "proper" market as it doesn't disclose the below expectation prices but trumpet runaway prices to exaggerate market for most anxious naive buyers. Just ask why most sales results are undisclosed each week since Feb. When all current sold (below expectation) prices are disclosed you may not come to the same conclusions as you did. The forces are easily there to manipulate than to inform whereas it's very difficult to do sustainably in ASX as prices are constantly checked. Observations from a long-term property watcher.
I suppose various highly intelligent people have said things akin to, we've reached a permanently high plateau. And we're unlikely to see a recession within our lifetimes. I'm personally amazed everytime and I'm amazed now. The heart of man is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked!
I hope you are right BUT many people who have investment properties in holiday areas or who rent them via Airbnb will have to sell. I know a person who has several Airbnb properties and they’ve gone from almost full occupancy to zero bookings. The other issue is the new risks to landlords being inability to evict non paying tenants. Who would want to buy a property to rent in this environment?
Hi Chris - good article. For what it's worth, speaking with 3 real estate agents the past fortnight, they advise the market is very similar to early 2019 in the lead up to the May 2019 election. After that, we know what happened next, though we didn't have an economy that had been put into near-hibernation.