Macro

In predictably cutting its cash rate to a new record low of 0.75 per cent in October, the RBA moved itself one meeting away from initiating quantitative easing (QE), or outright purchases of bonds---as we controversially forecast in early May---to satisfy its full-employment target. Click here to read the full column or AFR subs can click here. Excerpt enclosed:

When the RBA next cuts its cash rate, which could be soon, it will presumably think about initiating some form of QE in concert. I would expect this to encompass a package of measures, including buying government bonds to reduce the long-term risk-free rate (or the "term" equivalent to the RBA's overnight cash rate) to put downward pressure on the Aussie dollar, amongst other things.

It would also make sense for the RBA to squeeze bank funding costs a bit through longer-dated lending operations via its existing "repurchase" (or repo) arrangements---whereby it provides day-to-day liquidity to banks over shorter-terms---and/or via purchases of assets that the RBA already accepts as collateral for these repo operations. These include highly rated bank-issued senior bonds and asset-backed bonds comprising home loans.

In contrast to corporate credit spreads, which are in line with their levels back in the days prior to the 2008 crisis, financial credit spreads are still multiplies their pre-crisis levels despite the fact that the big banks have radically reduced their leverage and simplified their business models in a net transfer of wealth from shareholders to creditors. Whereas the four major banks paid 10 basis points over the bank bill swap rate to borrow 5 year senior-ranking money in 2007, they pay about 8 times as much in credit spread terms today.

Read the full column here.



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Ricardo Davidson

What will Treasury do with funds from RBA bond purchases?