3 underappreciated attributes of great fund managers
Picking great fund managers is not as easy as it looks. Producing a few years of outperformance is hard enough, but to do it repeatedly over long periods of time is a skill that relatively few possess. Clearly, many investors have given up on this task in recent years, as demonstrated by the rise of passive investing.
To better understand what makes a great fund manager, we asked three experts for their take on which attributes are generally underappreciated by investors. Responses come from Andrew McAuley, Chief Investment Officer of Credit Suisse Private Bank Australia; Tracey McNaughton, Head of Asset Allocation at Wilsons Advisory; and Anshula Venkataraman, Funds Specialist at Crestone Wealth Management.
Sticking to your philosophy
Andrew McAuley, Chief Investment Officer, Credit Suisse Private Bank Australia
The most underappreciated attribute in assessing the quality of a fund manager is staying true to their philosophy. At Credit Suisse we spend a lot of time getting to know a manager, using the 4 P’s, Philosophy, People, Process and Performance.
We include different managers for different reasons in our portfolios. If a manager strays from their stated philosophy, we will ask a lot of questions because it means they may not perform the way we expect them to. For example, if we chose a high conviction value equities manager who after a period of underperformance was buying high PE healthcare stocks, it may indicate a loss of confidence or structure. But the onus is just as much on us to understand under what conditions a manager will or won’t perform and take that into account when assessing a manager.
A good manager must articulate their process
Tracey McNaughton, Head of Asset Allocation, Wilson’s Advisory
Our process for assessing fund managers is comprehensive and looks at philosophy, process, people, performance and price. We want to make sure all these features are internally consistent with what the fund is designed to do. For example, a diversified credit fund should have a relatively large team, be heavily focused on downside risk management, have a large number of small positions and have a relatively low portfolio turnover.
What stands out to us as being an underappreciated attribute is how well a manager can articulate their process and product. A good manager should be able to explain what they do, how they do it, and why they do it without the need for a heavy presentation pack. This demonstrates confidence, conviction and a clear understanding from the manager in what they do. This, combined with consistency of performance and commitment to their strategy, gives confidence. We worry when a manager decides to branch out into other strategies or other markets that was not part of their original raison d'être.
Culture: What keeps the ecosystem together
Anshula Venkataraman, Funds Specialist, Crestone Wealth Management
In our view, company culture tends to be underappreciated by the market when assessing a fund manager. Culture is a broad and somewhat intangible concept, but it is what keeps the ecosystem of a company together. It takes the form of a variety of variables that we pay close attention to, including the way senior management runs a company, alignment of incentives, employee motivation, and quality of talent retained. These, in turn, can affect more measurable attributes including pricing strategy, capacity management, liquidity management, product proliferation, and portfolio implementation and execution across the firm, which play a pivotal role in the investor experience over the long-term.
Weak alignment of incentives of an investment team, for example, can lead to performance chasing and deviation from a strategy’s investment process. Poor capacity management can put pressure on investment teams that may have to stray from their core investment process to populate the portfolio. Of course, we complement this analysis with more traditional assessments of managers, including the investment process, investment team, and performance.
Finding a manager that can consistency outperform can make a huge difference in the long run. For an investor with 30 years to invest, increasing your returns from 8% to 10% p.a. results in an 81% higher balance at the end of the period. If you focus on the aspects discussed here, you just might be able to give yourself an edge in picking a manager who can produce outsized returns:
- A manager that sticks to their philosophy
- One who can clearly articulate their process and philosophy, and
- A manager with great culture.
And never forget those four P's - People, Philosophy, Process, and Performance.
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Patrick was one of Livewire’s first employees, joining in 2015 after nearly a decade working in insurance, superannuation, and retail banking. He is passionate about investing, with a particular interest in Australian small-caps.
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