Amazon's billion dollar bet on toasters
Jeff Bezos is proving the sky’s no longer the limit for Amazon as they seek to launch thousands of toaster sized satellites to provide broadband to the world. Some analysts speculate the project could increase Amazon’s valuation by over US$100 billion. Initially the focus will be providing internet access to developing countries.
What is Project Kuiper? (pronounced: Kai-per)
In Amazon’s own words,
“Project Kuiper is a long-term initiative to launch a constellation of Low Earth Orbit satellites that will provide low-latency, high-speed broadband connectivity to unserved and underserved communities around the world.”
Named after Gerard Kuiper (1905 - 1973), the Kuiper Belt is a formation of asteroids and dwarf planets sitting just past the orbit of Neptune (the 8th planet from the sun).
Network of satellites
The initial proposal is to launch a network of 3,236 satellites at a cost estimated to be in the billions of dollars. At the recent Amazon re:MARS 2019 conference in Las Vegas, Jeff Bezos commented:
“It’s a very good business for Amazon because it’s a very high capital expenditure undertaking. It’s multiple billions of dollars… Amazon is a large enough company now that we need to do things that, if they work, can actually move the needle.”
According to a recent Morgan Stanley report on the space industry, the market opportunity in consumer broadband is expected to increase to US$95 billion by 2040 from around US$2 billion today. Acceleration in growth is being driven by the development of reusable rockets led by SpaceX and Bezos’s Blue Origin. Having reusable rockets dramatically reduces the cost of getting into space making endeavours such as the Kuiper project financially viable.
Project Kuiper may end up servicing the whole world providing fast reliable bandwidth to people whose economic and social advancement increasingly depends on connectivity.
It may well deliver a ubiquitous and stable internet service to Australians before the NBN.
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